Mixing color powder, alginic acid and water is the first step to make dyes. This type of hand-made dyes and way is not always the same, so carefully adjust each ingridient in increments of 0.0035 oz. A craftsman has to consider how delicate the design is while mixing up these ingridients. If the design is delicate and subtle, it has to be sticky enough to prevent the dyes from blurring.
Extending a 43inces tall and 393 feet wide cloth on 4 wooden stands that are 82 feet wide each. A craftsman smoothes out the wrinkles and carefully checks if there is dust on cloth.
Putting printing plates on cloth and printing by hands. A craftsman slide a plate to the side after putting the dyes on cloth, but a plate is never out of alignment because there are marks that are equally spaced below the stand. If the color of a bandana is more than one, it has to be completely dried to put on another plate and color on cloth.
A craftsman uses electric fans to dry bandanas before printing 2nd color. Using a specific stand with heater is faster and easier to dry, but they use a wooden stand to dry it naturally and make the dyes fixed well. This way of drying is greatly affected by the wheather, but it allows the dyes to permeate even into the back side of a bandana.
Steaming bandanas makes the color fixed because it is reactive dye. Considering the color of bandanas,a craftsman adjust steam flow.
After steaming, bandanas are washed by water.
Cutting it in the size of bandana.
Sewing every side of a bandana. We adopt a simple way called “Three-roll stitch".